What is Insomnia
Insomnia is a sleep problem which is defined by difficulty falling asleep and/or staying sleep.
Common insomnia complaints include:
- Difficulty falling asleep
- Waking often during the night
- Having trouble getting back to sleep
- Waking up earlier than desired
- Insomnia is one of the most common sleep problems.
- Brief insomnia symptoms occur in 30 to 35% of people.
- About 15 to 20% of people have a short-term insomnia disorder.
- Chronic insomnia disorder occurs in about 10% of people.
- Insomnia can be treated effectively.
People who have insomnia struggle to fall asleep or stay asleep. The negative effects of insomnia include fatigue, lack of energy, poor concentration, irritability, depression and moodiness. Trouble concentrating can affect school and work performance. You also may feel concerned or frustrated about your sleep.
There are two types of insomnia. They are defined by how long you have had the problem:
- Short-term insomnia disorder involves a sleep disturbance that has been present for less than 3 months. It may last for days or weeks, and it is often linked to brief stress.
- Chronic insomnia disorder occurs at least 3 times per week for at least 3 months. It often occurs with other health problems, such as depression, chronic pain, heart failure or chronic obstructive pulmonary disorders.
Am I at Risk
Common causes of insomnia include stress, pain, depression, anxiety and other sleep disorders. Insomnia also can result from bad sleep habits such as daytime napping or using electronic devices in bed. Medications can cause insomnia as a side-effect. Substances such as caffeine, alcohol and tobacco also can disrupt your sleep.